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17 September 1945 Silam, Lahirnya Palang Merah Indonesia (PMI)

Sudah 73 tahun, persisnya pada 17 September 1945 silam, lahirnya Palang Merah Indonesia (PMI) sebuah badan yang bergerak dalam bagian sosial kemanusiaan. PMI tidak memihak pada suku, agama, ras, atau politik.

Dalam pengerjaannya, PMI memprioritaskan korban yang memerlukan pertolongan secepat-cepatnya untuk keselamatan jiwa dari korban. Sejak waktu itu, 17 September diketahui menjadi Hari Palang Merah Indonesia (PMI).

Hindia Belanda

Tercipta waktu Hindia Belanda Sebetulnya, dikutip dari situs PMI, tubuh yang berjalan dalam bagian sosial kemanusiaan ini telah ada semenjak masa penjajahan.

Pada 21 Oktober 1873, Pemerintah Kolonial Belanda membangun palang merah di Indonesia dengan nama Het Nederland-Indiche Rode Kruis (NIRK). Seiring waktu berjalan, nama ini menjadi Nederlands Rode Kruiz Afdelinbg Indie (Nerkai).

Kemauan penduduk Indonesia untuk membangun palang merah sendiri muncul lalu. Pada 1932, dua orang Indonesia bernama dr RCL Senduk serta Bahder Djohan membuat proposal yang diserahkan ke Nerkai. Akan tetapi, saran mereka berdua tidak diterima.

Pada saat pendudukan Jepang, dengan sah tubuh ini dibubarkan. Proposal kembali diserahkan, akan tetapi akhirnya nihil sebab gagasan itu tidak diterima lagi. Baru sesudah proklamasi kemerdekaan, ada gagasan pembentukan lagi oleh Presiden Soekarno untuk membuat itu. Gagasan masak sesudah proklamasi Proklamasi Kemerdekaan jadi langkah awal pijakan Indonesia untuk bernapas bebas tiada belenggu rezim penjajah.

Lahirnya Palang Merah Indonesia

Pada 3 September 1945, Soekarno memiliki ide pembentukan Palang Merah Indonesia. Menteri Kesehatan dr Buntaran Martoatmojo mendapatkan mandat untuk lakukan pembentukan itu. Palang Merah Indonesia diinginkan dapat tunjukkan pada dunia internasional jika Indonesia sudah berdaulat bebas pasca-proklamasi 14 Agustus 1945.

Pada akhirnya, Buntaran membuat panitia untuk memperdalam gagasan ini yang terbagi dalam lima dokter, yakni dr R Mochtar, dr Bahder Johan, dr Joehana, Dr Marjuki, serta dr Sitanala. Merekalah yang menyiapkan pembentukan tubuh kemanusiaan ini.

Pada 17 September 1945, lahirnya Palang Merah Indonesia (PMI). Wakil Presiden Mohammad Hatta jadi ketua pertama dari badan kemanusiaan ini. S/d sekarang ini, momen itu diketahui menjadi Hari PMI.

Sebab pada sebuah negara cuma memperbolehkan satu perhimpunan, karena itu sesudah Pertemuan Meja Bundar (KMB) serta pernyataan kedaulatan oleh Belanda, Pemerintah Belanda membubarkan Nerkai. Asset Nerkai dikasihkan ke PMI lewat acara serah-terima.

Pihak Nerkai diwakili oleh dr B Van Trich sedang dr Bahder Djohan mewakili PMI. PMI selalu lakukan pemberian pertolongan sampai pada akhirnya Pemerintah Republik Indonesia Serikat keluarkan Ketetapan Presiden Nomer 25 tanggal 16 Januari 1950 serta dikuatkan dengan Keppres Nomer 246 tanggal 29 November 1963.

Pemerintah Indonesia juga mengaku kehadiran PMI. Mengenai pekerjaan utama PMI berdasar pada Keppres RIS Nomer 25 Tahun 1950 serta Keppres RI Nomer 246 Tahun 1963 ialah untuk memberi pertolongan pertama pada korban bencana alam serta korban perang sama dengan isi Konvensi Jenewa 1949.

Pada 15 Juni 1950, kehadiran PMI disadari oleh Komite Palang Merah Internasional (ICRC). Sesudah itu, PMI di terima jadi anggota perhimpunan nasional ke-68 oleh Federasi Internasional Perhimpunan Palang Merah serta Bulan Sabit Merah (IFRC) pada Oktober 1950.

PMI Sekarang

PMI sekarang ini Seseuai dengan ketetapan PP PMI No: 176/KEP/PP PMI/X/2010, Markas Pusat PMI mempunyai 14 divisi/biro/unit yang mencakup. Sekitar 14 divisi/biro/unit itu yakni: Divisi Kelembagaan, Divisi Penanggulangan Bencana, Divisi Kesehatan, Divisi Relawan, Divisi Kerja sama serta Peningkatan Sumber Daya, Biro Rencana serta Hukum, Biro Kepegawaian, Biro Keuangan.

Lalu Biro Umum, Biro Humas, Unit Pendidikan serta Kursus, Unit Poliklinik, Unit IT, serta Unit Unit Kerja Audit Internal. PMI sudah berdiri di 33 Propinsi, 371 Kabupaten/Kota serta 2.654 Kecamatan (data per-Maret 2010). PMI sendiri sudah memiliki sukarelawan seputar 1,5 juta.

Baca juga : Pendaftaran CPNS Melalui Situs Resmi BKN, Selain Ini Hoax Yaa

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