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Sejarah Bangsa Indonesia Sampai Kemerdekaan Berhasil Dikumandangkan

Sebagai Warga Negara Indonesia yang baik, telah sepantasnya untuk tahu sejarah Bangsa Indonesia. Berdasar pada histori yang ada, Indonesia merupakan lokasi yang ditempati oleh beberapa type manusia purba. Beberapa manusia purba yang di ketahui berada di Indonesia merupakan Homo floresiensis serta Pithecanthropus erectus.

Sejarah Bangsa Indonesia :

Sesudah waktu prasejarah, sejarah Bangsa Indonesia dapat disaksikan catatan dari China yang berisi mengenai info jika Kerajaan Maritim yang sangat berkuasa pada jaman dahulu merupakan Kerajaan Sriwijaya.

Kerajaan sebagai pusat dalam memahami agama Budha ini mempunyai kekuasaan di Selat Malaka sampai laut Sumatera semenjak era ke 7 s/d 13. Dinasti Syailendra yang datang dari Kerajaan Mataram di ketahui bangun Candi Borobudur yang terdapat di Jawa Tengah.

Candi Borobudur diketahui dengan arsitekturnya yang bercorak Budha. Lalu dibarengi dengan pembangunan Candi Prambanan oleh Raja Rakai Pikatan yang disebut keturunan Sanjaya. Candi Prambanan dibuat dengan corak Hindu.

Sejarah Bangsa Indonesia setelah itu pada saat Kerajaan Majapahit yang sukses kuasai kepulauan Nusantara pada tahun 1294. Lalu, agama islam mulai masuk serta berkembang lewat ada pekerjaan perdagangan. S/d sekarang ini, islam merupakan agama sebagian besar penduduk Indonesia.

Masuknya Bangsa Asing

Sampai saat ini, agama Islam, Hindu, serta Budha berkembang di tanah air serta memengaruhi penduduk dari sisi budaya serta langkah hidup. Histori berlanjut saat Marco Polo yang disebut orang berkebangsaan Eropa menginjakkan kaki pertama-tama di Sumatera.

Bangsa Spanyol serta Portugis di ketahui sudah sempat kuasai kepulauan yang di ketahui mempunyai sangat banyak rempah-rempah ini. Pada tahun 1596 kali pertamanya kapal Belanda berlabuh di laut Jawa Barat serta mulai menancapkan hagemoninya. Saat lebih dari 3 era, Belanda menjajah kepulauan di tanah air sampai pada akhirnya berdirilah suatu pemerintahan bernama Hindia Belanda. Mulai sejak itu, berlangsung pemberontakan yang dikerjakan oleh penduduk tanah air untuk menantang beberapa penjajah.

Sejarah Bangsa Indonesia juga mencatat jika Jepang sudah sempat menjajah kepulauan Indonesia. Sesudah ada “Perang Asia Timur Raya”, di mana Amerika mengatakan akan memerangi Jepang pada 8 Desember 1941 di Pusat Pertahanan Amerika Serikat bernama “Pearl Harbour”. Setelah itu, pemerintah Hindia Belanda ikut juga dengan sekutu untuk mengatakan perang dengan Negara Jepang.

Baca juga : Awal Mula Kemunculan Klub Sepak Bola di Indonesia

Sebelumnya, Jepang hadir ke Indonesia untuk melumpuhkan pasukan Belanda. Lantas Jepang kuasai beberapa daerah di Indonesia. Lokasi Jepang makin menjadi-jadi saat mereka sukses kuasai Batavia (saat ini Jakarta) pada 5 Maret 1942. Belanda yang makin tertekan karenanya ada serangan Jepang pada akhirnya “menyerah tanpa syarat”. Awalnya, penduduk Indonesia menanggapi baik kehadiran militer Jepang. Hal seperti ini bisa disaksikan ada sikap yang kooperatif dari beberapa tokoh Nasional seperti Ir. Soekarno dan Moh Hatta.

Pada awal mula Sejarah Bangsa Indonesia, Pemerintah Jepang tampak aktif memberikan kebaikan pada rakyat Indonesia dengan membuat beberapa organisasi penduduk. Walau sebenarnya di balik kebaikannya itu, Jepang mempunyai kebutuhan di Indonesia.

Beberapa organisasi yang di ketahui dibikin oleh pemerintah Jepang merupakan Pusat Tenaga Rakyat (PUTERA), Pergerakan Tiga A, Seinendan, Jawa Hokokai, Fujinkai, Keibodan, MIAI, Heiho, serta Tubuh Penyelidik Usaha-Usaha Persiapan Kemerdekaan RI (BPUPKI) yang dibuat pada pemerintahan Perdana Menteri Tojo pada tahun 1943.

Kemerdekaan Berhasil Dikumandangkan

BPUPKI lalu dibubarkan serta ditukar jadi PPKI atau Dokuritsu Junbi Inkai. PPKI bukan organisasi yang dibuat oleh Jepang, tetapi panitia yang dibuat berdasar pada hasil persetujuan dan perjuangan beberapa tokoh nasional yang bertindak dalam kemerdekaan.

Kekalahan Jepang waktu menantang Amerika membuat negara ini makin tersudut. Lihat hal itu, generasi muda Indonesia manfaatkan kesempatan kali ini untuk memproklamasikan kemerdekaannya pada 17 Agustus 1945. Demikian Histori singkat Indonesia, mudah-mudahan berguna untuk Anda.

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